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Writing English Teaching in Secondary Schools in China

来源:诚信论文网     更新时间:2008-10-03      文字:[    ]


 

Writing English Teaching in Secondary Schools

in   China

  

Abstract:

 China is a country consisting mainly of Chinese, English in Chinas social base is not solid. From teachers to materials, including various agencies and related facilities are further improve them. One of the teachers with relevant teaching strategies is of particular importance. Teachers in the process of teaching literacy in the education of students in the teaching process to play a key role. In China, for the English proficiency of students, the secondary school stage is a basis period for the direction of interest . At this stage in the process, teachers guiding the students interests should  student-centered, and promote and stimulate interest in writing form and actively promote independent learning English teaching writing, thus enabling students to become effective writing strategies to improve the level of writing. The progress of writing level will be corresponding increase student interest in learning so that they formed a very good study habits and improve the standard of English of Chinese nationals . 

 

Keywords: guider    studies autonomously    writing teaching

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contents

 

Part 1 Introduction……………………………………………………………………4

1.1   Research Background…………………………………………………………4

Part 2 .The theoretical basis …………………………………………………………5

Part 3. The implementation  …………………………………………………………6

3.1  Guided Writing     ……………………………………………………………6

3.1.1 The input before output    ……………………………………………………6

3.1.1.1 Guidelines target    …………………………………………………………6

3.1.1.2 Create situations for students to actively carry out discussions    …………7

3.1.2 Input and discussion, the students targeted output, active and enthusiastic

writing to the classroom autonomy. …………………………………………………8

3.1.3 After the completion of output, according to the evaluation form for

self-evaluation and mutual evaluation (Rose), the last outstanding display

 of the model teacher evaluation.……………………………………………………8

3.2 Free writing    …………………………………………………………………9

3.3 Continuous Writing  ……………………………………………………………10

3.4  Do a good job of guiding and judge.   ………………………………………10

3.4.1 Guiding is an indispensable component in writing teaching, especially

 at the beginning of writing training…………………………………………………10

3.4.2 Self-assessment and mutual assessment and evaluation of teachers combination

………………………………………………………………………………………10

Part 4 .Conclusions…………………………………………………………………11

Part 5. Bibliography…………………………………………………………………11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Part 1  Introduction

 

11   Research Background

 

For a long time, how to  teach  Writing English  effectively has been plaguing the English teachers. Given topic, requests, and  allow students in curricular and extra-curricular or completed within the time stipulated by an essay, to the teachers after correcting is the traditional writing English teaching  form. Such a training mode, the majority of the students are quite passive writing, lack of proactive and enthusiastic writing, the heavy task to ensure that the teachers, students writing in the intensely correcting grammar and vocabulary of the details wrong, forming a phenomenon of Writing upset to hear students, teachers see coursework headache  .

 

The old traditional writing teaching increasingly being criticized. Today,  basic education of English promote students take the initiative of participation, happy to explore, quick hands Students of the collection of information, access to new knowledge, analyze and solve problems, and exchanges and cooperation. New educational theories promoted a student-centered, requiring teachers to guide the students to actively participate in the learning of English. How to motivate students to take the initiative to learn the positive, independent guide high school students learning English, students from passive acceptance into proactive in science, language eventually become independent learners, their language learning for life and lay a solid foundation, is a big issue we faced .

 

Based on English education reform ideas, the only way  to change this situation and improve the efficiency of learning the fundamental is to emphasize the use of English. The purpose of reform teaching writing English is to improve the effectiveness of teaching writing and teaching writing improved results in the following two aspects:  to promote study initiatives to improve student learning and interest in writing, so that all students can personally experience cooperative learning and knowledge construction process update the concept of teaching writing and teaching writing process optimization, to promote effective student learning.

 

According to the above question, I autonomous learning of English teaching of writing practice, hope to be in this practice, stimulate and promote student interest in writing formed to mobilize the initiative and creativity of the students, self-study, thus enabling students to become effective writing strategies to improve the level of writing.

 

Part  2 .  The theoretical basis

 

Since the 1970s, foreign began with  the study of Autonomy and Language Learning, both domestic and foreign researchers from many different angles defined independent study. Represented by Piagets cognitive constructivism theory: learning is the original map on the basis of constructing a new cognitive schemata process. Knowledge is a learner in the context of social and cultural backgrounds, to make use of other people (including teachers and learning partners) help, the necessary learning materials, through the manner in which construction of the access. Rogers represented to the people of this theory believe that we must adopt a student-centered teaching and learning and teaching is aimed at developing a comprehensive development of the people. Holec and that learners have the ability to learn independently of the means: 1) to identify learning objectives, according to themselves or others (for example, teachers, schools, and social framework, etc.), identify different stages of learning objectives, and monitoring and assessment of learning outcomes on the basis of that or the establishment of a new learning objectives learning content can be determined that the collection will help to identify and achieve their learning objectives related learning materials 2) has a guide for self-learning skills and mastering different learning tasks completed by the basic strategy 3) to control the learning time, locations and progress, they can select the appropriate learning environment, and in accordance with different learning content adjusted pace of learning 4) be able to assess their learning outcomes, under certain evaluation criteria to measure their learning progress.

 

To sum up, independent learning is teaching learners in the overall objectives of the macro-control, under the guidance of teachers, according to their own conditions and needs, and consciously take the initiative to complete the development and learning goals, identifying and solving new problems, gain new experience learning activities. Independent learning that teaching personality of passive adaptation to the learning beyond, the students are learning to master the development of student autonomy, initiative and creativity for the purpose of the practice is a modern teaching concepts. Independent learning, constructivism education theory with the characteristics of the students to self-centered learning, access to knowledge, and the formation capability ultimately shape health personality.

 

Part  3.  The implementation

 

3.1  Guided Writing

3.1.1 The input before output

 

From the input-output point of view, reading is the language input  and writing is the language output. As the output of English composition should be established on the importation of reading material basis. New high school English writing teaching classes is based on the reading classes. The input before output can make the students familiar with the task of writing the content, information, information and load the language forms, which reduces the cognitive load of students, behind the language output more smoothly. Therefore, oriented reading this article critical. Teachers can take the following approach.

 

3.1.1.1 Guidelines target

 

The goal of the guidelines is that the whole of English courses, teaching modules, and various writing each section of the teaching objective analysis to determine current knowledge of the subject, so the learning curriculum guidelines. For example, in which a high school textbook writing Unforgettable experiences, teachers can guide the students in the classroom before the independent learning, and actively find the topic of relevant information, all of the modules Goals, Tips for the self-study provide a direction. Another example of the Silver Screen Integrating skills of reading part of director Zhang Yimou, No one should be absent drama profiles, as a example.Part of the task of writing is to write the  film critic. Require the students first read on the plot, then answering the questions in the form . The ingenious design of the forms using the heuristic means. Before the class, teachers can guide the students prepare lesson accroding the forms , students through forms and the following tips: How to make comments on a film, can be broadly understanding on the framework of the film.

 

3.1.1.2 Create situations for students to actively carry out discussions

 

In order to stimulate the motivation of students in the input before output, teachers should encourage students to actively carry out group discussions, and expression of opinion, inspired thinking, encourage students to seek answers. The basis of the discussions, students can read the article that the basic framework, then write the article introduced the basic structure. Students can then under the basic structure to do the abstract transcript.

 

Such as a composition of the materials in the high school , the writing is on the basis of reading - Writing to the E-friends . Students may get the main structure of advertising of E-friends seeking through reading .

Name and age:

Appearance :

Interests and hobbies:

Personality:

Wish to find an e-pal. :

 

Also in Unforgettable experiences writing teaching,   let students positive panel discussions on the basis of reading articles, to arrive at the basic structure of the travel diaries. The basic structure is in three parts:

I. Introduction : time, place, character, causes, and preparation

II. Body part : read what, what has been done.

III. Conclusion : feelings.

 

At the same time, teachers should provide more scenarios so that students have expressed a desire. This situation must be close to the actual student life and emotion, so that students can write, love can speak. The creation of such a problem scenarios can help writing, pictures, video and so on. The perspective on the lessons from the students to discuss the actual conditions of our discussion is a form of knowledge and ability of the process. Students thinking active in the discussion, the exchange of independent access to the resources writing: ideas, viewpoints, language, etc..

 

 3.1.2 Input and discussion, the students targeted output, active and enthusiastic writing to the classroom autonomy.

 

 (1) According to the outline discussed by the students to write the draft. (Draft stage)

 (2) with some necessary link words, the article reads the coherence and logic. (Revised draft stage)

 (3) Having read the transcript to make further changes, such as grammatical errors, spelling, language and logic, thus making the article more beautiful and smooth. (Final stage))

 

 3.1.3 After the completion of output, according to the evaluation form for self-evaluation and mutual evaluation (Rose), the last outstanding display of the model teacher evaluation.

 

Self-evaluation is to train students in independent study, life-long learning ability of the essential factors. Others can also enhance students of the high level of thinking and learning activities Correcting the right places doubt on the mark, the question of mutual discussions to reach agreement after corrections. If contentious issues, ask the teacher spot. Social cognitive view, the success of fellow students that will enhance their own sense of self-efficacy. Teaching Practice found that students in both positive and active under the control of emotion to each other since the reform and change, the students of this activity aroused strong desire for knowledge, thereby gradually increase their interest in writing. The good essay in his class before the show and reading aloud from the idea, contributed ideas to the language used in many respects fully affirmed the merits of writing, students are exposed more positive things, and asked other students and the control of its own composition to reflect evaluation.

 

3.2 Free writing

 

The exercise operations of the weekend, teachers allow students free writing, students can exercise optional modules, the number of new words or phrases, use the vocabulary to write an article. Students can write their own interest to a unit and the related articles. Students in the writing process can fully express their feelings and actively creative thinking, thinking get excited, autonomous learning ability is enhanced. Students can try out different styles, such as Narrative, the text, text description and discussion of the text, poetry and so on, to raise their level of writing. Regular surrendered Monday, teachers correcting actively write reviews. Reviews by friends of the main modes of communication, students explore the novelty of the article shows, and the depth and clarity of expression, the accuracy and appropriateness. So wrote, students can check themselves in front of the writing, much has been made of their progress. Teachers are able to make outstanding essay posted on the class sweetheart appreciate the column, and for students to appreciate and taste, while helping guide the students to reflect on their own learning strategy, and timely and effective manner to be adjusted.

 

The following is a collection of students free choice of a new textbook, a high-five units of the new words and phrases, imaginative play and write an interesting and educational essays. Speed, run after, choice, happiness, cruelty, peace.

 

It was a quiet evening. I was doing my homework in my room. While doing my homework, I heard some noise. When I got to the place where the noise came from, I saw a mouse! It sped quickly as soon as I appeared . I ran after it and shouted, Can we have a talk, para. Mouse? He replied, But I have no choice but to run. I said, No, if you do not take away our things, we will not be like this. But you human beings bring all the goods for yourselves and share happiness only with yourselves. What do we eat? I was surprised. And the mouse started to speak again, There are wars here and there which are full of cruelty between you human beings. Its because you humans are too selfish and peace does not want to get close to you!

3.3 Continuous Writing

 

Teachers give a big topic, such as My School Life, My Hometown, mainly narrative, require students to group unit established writing team take on the lovely and interesting or meaningful group name. Teachers asked students to write a regular section, as television serials, write continuously. Panel members calling, and have their own responsibilities, leadership, record, inspection, the report, such as the operator. All teachers in the group completed within a specified time, half a semester, or even a semester,judges in the final. Outstanding right to be commended for encouraging. Teachers must require students: writing an outline before writing lists for teachers to look over, according to the outline of each subsequent write Engaged in the violation of the blitz to complete the task given to education. Each group should seriously for implementation and regularly by teachers, Ban Wei Hui, head of the inspection program, grading for quality evaluation. This will not only cultivate and improve students learning activities planned capacity, while the students implementation of the plan of autonomy and perseverance. Excellent sequel to the story after the end of the school year, a series of books, and bound to be classes for students to enjoy.

 

3.4  Do a good job of guiding and judge. 

 

3.4.1 Guiding is an indispensable component in writing teaching, especially at the beginning of writing training .

 

The contents may include: both the teachers and students should express the points of the material Discuss how to structure levels Teachers and students discuss how to express these points, select the appropriate key words and sentences Discuss sentence with the sentence, paragraph and paragraph how to connect, and the appropriate conjunction with those.

 

3.4.2 Self-assessment and mutual assessment and evaluation of teachers combination

 

Teaching Practice found that students in both positive and active emotional disclaimer under the self-assessment and mutual assessment this activity aroused a strong knowledge of students desire to gradually increase their interest in writing. Teacher evaluation should have concluded, on the one hand that its success, on the other hand pointed out its shortcomings, the students efforts. Foundation for poor students, their teachers need for face-to, to-inspired-correcting, Edge explained. Such students more focused, more teachers could clarify the issue, said permeability, in order to obtain better results, a large area of the quality of teaching. Teachers will be better written some mistakes less coursework posted or read comments to the whole class when the students listen, to encourage. Answers published for the students as learning Fan. Evaluation of students to cultivate the right attitude for learning, and students can learn to think, ready to see their achievements and shortcomings and help reflect on self-learning process, learning to adjust and learning strategies, and establish new targets beyond self-learning more effective in further study.

 

Part  4 . Conclusions

 

Writing in autonomous learning teaching students self-study guide and inspire students interested in writing and improve writing ability and writing level is a gradual process. The teachers should guide the students to persevere and lifelong learning for students and lay a solid foundation. Because of the time the rush, in a very detailed paper, the integrity and scientific arguments to further research. Because of the level of restrictions, in theory, you also need the guidance of mentors to more fully to the perfection of the existing teaching strategies, thank you.

 

Part  5.   Bibliography

 

1. Dai Jun melting, high school students learning English autonomy of the investigation and analysis, foreign language teaching in primary and secondary schools, in 2004

2. Holec, H. 1985. On autonomy: some elementary concepts in Riley (ed.). Discourse and learning.

3. Ye Xiang America, constructivism theory in high school English teaching of writing, school English teaching and research, in 2003

4. FU Rui - ping, on a high school English class writing quality, school English Teaching and Research, 2004

5. Yan Cheng Bao, ordinary high school students learning English autonomous practice of classroom teaching - P-T-P independent study three-dimensional model, ordinary high school students independent study on the practice of teaching the subject.

 Writing English teaching in secondary schoolsin   China

 

 


 

 


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